Firmware analysis can help to uncover potential vulnerabilities that would otherwise never have been discovered.
Although there are multiple types of attacks on IoT and IIoT devices, this guide focuses on the firmware of these devices to check for potential vulnerabilities, using security testing and reverse engineering to allow for an in-depth analysis of the firmware.
With this study, we seek to offer a deep knowledge about the reconnaissance activity in cybersecurity, so that professionals from different fields can consider these tactics as an integral part of their security strategies. This study also aims to increase general understanding of these techniques and how they can be used to effectively protect information and systems.
Within the industrial world, systems can be detected that do not have all their cybersecurity capabilities activated. This can occur for a variety of reasons, but if detected, each case must be analyzed to get the most out of each device.
The ability to robustly configure programs, services or other nuances within industrial systems is called bastioning and allows, among other things, to prevent assets from having a large exposure to the network or the solutions deployed in the system from having vulnerabilities resulting from misconfiguration.
In this article, we will begin by explaining what hardening is and how to apply it to our industrial network, along with some good practices to follow.
The main purpose of this guide is to define the steps to ethically identify vulnerabilities in different types of firmware, in order to eliminate or mitigate them, explaining to a greater extent everything about IoT device firmware, both at a theoretical-technical level as well as a practical explanation on how to analyze device firmware.
The history of cybersecurity is marked by names that have left an indelible mark on the field of digital threats. Among them, Maze, Egregor and Sekhmet stand out as notable ransomware variants, whose similarities go beyond mere coincidence.
In this article, we will unravel the tactics these ransomwares employed, the encryption mechanisms they used, and the evasion and propagation strategies they employed. The review of these malware will offer us a deeper insight into the persistent threat of ransomware, as well as the importance and need to strengthen our cybersecurity posture.