Currently, there is a constant evolution in the technologies and implementations made in Industrial Control Systems. On one hand, some of the most common implementations for the improvement of industrial systems infrastructures are digitalization and the use of cloud technology. On the other hand, the increase in communication protocols and IIoT devices (due to the growth of the Industry 4.0) generates a large volume of traffic that is difficult to control and secure.
En este estudio, se expone brevemente el origen y evolución de la amenaza ransomware LockBit 3.0, a través del análisis de varias muestras maliciosa, con el objetivo de facilitar la información necesaria para poder identificar las características propias de este malware, su comportamiento y técnicas empleadas, permitiendo así una mejor identificación y respuesta ante ella.
Industrial Control Systems (ICS) were initially designed to work in sealed environments and as stand-alone systems, interconnections between systems were scarce, as were safety protections. The constant evolutions in the field of ICS, including the inclusion of a large number of communication protocols, IIoT devices, the expansion of interconnections, an incessant search for interoperability between systems and the inclusion of these architectures in critical systems, has meant that the networks on which these industrial control systems, has meant that the networks on which these industrial control systems are built, also known as control networks, have increased their security exponentially.
In the year 2022 and as is reflected in the article “Industrial Security 2022 in numbers”, cyberattacks in all industrial sectors have increased by around 30 % in the third quarter of 2022 and it is estimated that the number of organizations or industrial manufacturers victims of a cyberattack was around 40% in the last year. Especially in the industrial sector, the number of attacks has grown exponentially due to the massive introduction of IoT devices (it is expected to go from 13.5 to 21.5 million connected devices in three years) or more specifically about IIoT devices, which have been the main gateway for attacks as manufacturers have prioritized features and mass-production of devices over the security. In addition, this is compounded by planned obsolescence planned (increasingly present in this type of devices), increased interoperability and connectivity and the appearance of new types of malware and exploits which are much more effective.
Nobelium es la denominación de Microsoft para un grupo de atacantes que, según la atribución llevada a cabo por la Agencia de Seguridad de Infraestructura y Ciberseguridad (CISA) de Estados Unidos, pertenecen al Servicio de Inteligencia Exterior (SRV) de Rusia. Este grupo criminal es conocido por el ataque a la cadena de suministro de SolarWinds, y una campaña masiva de phishing haciéndose pasar por una empresa de desarrollo estadounidense.
Grandoreiro, also known as Delephant, is a banking trojan from South America, which has spread its operations to other regions, especially Europe, including Spain and Portugal. According to ESET researchers, it has been active since 2015, affecting countries in Latin America, mainly Brazil, where it was developed.
The malicious code of the ransomware known as ‘Hive’ represents a threat to all users, as it implements encryption functionalities on the information in an infected computer, making simple recovery of the data impossible. This threat attempts to use extortion to recover the information, demanding a payment and threatening publication of part of the stolen information on a blog through the network Tor if the payment is not forthcoming.
The new generations of antiviruses may entail an improvement in the OT environment, since special care must be taken with the assets, networks and communications of Industrial Control Systems. They can also help secure our industries against the increasingly frequent cyberattacks directed against them.
Anatsa is a banking Trojan designed for Android devices that has become particularly relevant since its discovery in January 2021. Throughout the study, a detailed technical analysis of the threat is carried out using a sample of the malicious code in question to show how this malware behaves and the possibilities it offers.