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Blog posted on 13/06/2024

The UN R155 and UN R156 regulations are of vital importance for vehicle cybersecurity. From July 2022, all car manufacturers that want to be type-approved must comply with both regulations, but from July 2024 this requirement will be extended to all new vehicles sold in the European Union, regardless of when the manufacturer obtained type-approval. One of the most important aspects of compliance with both regulations is the completion of a cybersecurity risk assessment of the vehicle, including all integrated components of the vehicle's supply chain. On the other hand, it also specifies how to incorporate cybersecurity from design, how to detect and respond to incidents, how to securely update vehicle software, etc. 

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Blog updated on 20/06/2024

En la actualidad, el crecimiento de las plantas industriales ha provocado una incesante búsqueda en la mejora de la productividad de los procesos industriales. Esto ha llevado a la evolución de los dispositivos IIoT y, con ello, la emergencia de las pasarelas ICS. Estas se han postulado como puentes tecnológicos, tendiendo vínculos, puentes, entre los dispositivos instalados y la inmensidad de los entornos cloud. En este artículo descubrirás el papel central de estas pasarelas, descubriendo su función como facilitadoras esenciales en la convergencia de la ingeniería tradicional y la innovación en la nube.

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Blog updated on 06/06/2024

Technology adoption in industrial plants is part of the global digital transformation. This evolution provides greater knowledge of all the elements that interact in industrial processes, but it can also incorporate cybersecurity issues if a series of good practices are not followed. The development of this article focuses on the problems introduced by Wi-Fi communications and their growth in industrial environments.

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Blog posted on 30/05/2024

En la actualidad, el sector industrial se ha convertido en uno de los blancos más frecuentes de los ciberdelincuentes. Convirtiendo el cibercrimen en uno de los principales riesgos del sector, ya que el objetivo preferido en las redes industriales son los equipos críticos que desempeñan un papel fundamental en el sistema. Por tanto, en este artículo, exploraremos las distintas fases y formas de un ciberincidente en un entorno industrial, para entender el riesgo que representan y como prevenirlos.

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Blog posted on 16/05/2024

The M-Bus protocol is a common protocol in the industry in general, it’s daily use can be related to devices for measurements of electricity, gas, water, heating, etc. This protocol has a wireless variant called Wireless M-Bus and works through a hierarchical master/slave system, standardized according to EN13757.

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Blog posted on 09/05/2024

Space is an increasingly important element in the critical infrastructures of all countries. The possibility of losing or degrading space services can significantly affect both national security and all customers who have contracted services involving the use of satellites or any other space devices, resulting in major economic and security losses.

To protect it, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed a cyber security framework for the commercial ground segment of the space sector, providing a means for stakeholders to assess their cyber security posture in terms of identification, protection, detection, response and recovery operations, thereby evaluating the level of risk to the satellite ground segment structure.

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Blog posted on 02/05/2024

In the electricity sector, it has always been necessary to use robust communications that allow proper communication, since a failure in this sector would cause a large number of losses, both economic and social.

In addition, with the technological advances, it is important also to have secure communications since the electricity sector is one of the sectors that currently suffers the most cyber-attacks. For this reason, in recent years different robust and secure protocols have been created.

One of these protocols is DNP3, created mainly for the use of substation automation and control systems, for the electric utility industry, although it has now also been used for other sectors.

Finally, in this article we want to explain in more depth the operation of this protocol and the benefits or disadvantages of using this protocol.

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Blog posted on 18/04/2024

CAPEC (Common Attack Pattern Enumeration and Classification) is a project that focuses on enumerating and classifying common attack patterns on computer systems and providing a systematic approach to understanding and addressing the tactics used by attackers. Like CWE (Common Weakness Enumeration), CAPEC is an initiative of the computer security community and is maintained by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the United States. Recently in version 3.9, the project has incorporated a number of attack patterns related to the industrial world.

This article aims to show the reader the use of these codes, such as those used at the identifier level in CVEs, CWEs, etc., and which are related to many of the jobs that are carried out on a daily basis in the industrial cybersecurity sector.

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Blog posted on 21/03/2024

Currently, industrial infrastructures are suffering more attacks than ever before, and it is expected that attacks on these types of infrastructures will continue to grow exponentially in the coming years. This is why, throughout this article, an analysis will be made of a group of cybercriminals and their standard attack, showing how information can be obtained on the modus operandi, when and by what tactics and techniques they managed to attack an industrial infrastructure