En esta sección se ofrecen contenidos de interés para los profesionales que conocen y auditan el cumplimiento legal y normativo en materia de ciberseguridad, la gestión de riesgos, la gestión y cumplimiento de políticas internas, o se encargan de la formación interna en ciberseguridad.

Are smart cars cybersecure?

Posted on 04/04/2024, by
INCIBE (INCIBE)
¿Los coches inteligentes son ciberseguros? Imagen decorativa
The automotive world has always been one of the most cutting-edge sectors in terms of the technology used, which is why today's cars are equipped with technologies such as Bluetooth, NFC, GPS, etc., which improve different aspects such as comfort, fuel efficiency and increased safety.But these implemented technologies can also bring with them serious problems, such as the risk of cyber-attacks that can affect passengers in the vehicle, both at the level of personal data and physical security.For this reason, this article aims to provide an insight into some of the cyber-attacks that smart cars have suffered and how cyber-security is evolving and adapting to make more and more vehicles cyber-safe.

ICS malware analysis study: BlackEnergy

Posted on 15/02/2024, by
INCIBE (INCIBE)
Threat analysis study decorative image
The industrial environment, especially the energy sector, is one of sectors that is suffering the most from cyber-attacks. This trend has been increasing in recent years, as this is one of the most information-sensitive sectors and can cause major problems, both economically and socially.One of the best examples of malware attacks is BlackEnergy. This malware became known for being able to compromise several electricity distributors on 23 December 2015, causing households in the Ivano-Frankvisk region of Ukraine (a population of around 1.5 million) to be without electricity.For this reason, due to seriousness of this type of cyberattacks, it is necessary to continue researching and investing in industrial cybersecurity, to reduce the damage caused by this type of cyber-attack in industrial environments.

NB-IoT the ideal and low-power conection for IIoT

Posted on 08/02/2024, by
INCIBE (INCIBE)
Decorative photo about Industrial Internet of Things
IoT networks are very useful for everyday life, but their use is not limited only to this type of environment; there are industrial environments where this type of networks can benefit connectivity between industrial devices and provide capabilities that other types of networks could not. The 3rd Generation Partnership Project or 3GPP developed the NB-IoT protocol, a protocol for when networks with higher performance, higher speed and high interconnectivity capacity between devices are required. This protocol can work both in IoT devices and in IoT devices in the industrial environment (IIoT).

Cibersecurity in the healthcare sector: features, threats and recommendations

Posted on 25/01/2024, by
Juan Díez González
Cibersecurity in the healthcare sector
After the pandemic, it has been observed that the healthcare sector has been one of the most attacked by cybercrimilas and organizations. This has generated a significant impact on the affected organitations, making it essencial to protect this sector due to its strategic nature and to achieve this, it is neccesary to understand its characteristics and the threats that affect it.

OPC UA, balancing cybersecurity and performance

Posted on 11/01/2024, by
INCIBE (INCIBE)
Industrial factory at night
The OPC UA (OPC unified architecture) communication protocol is the most modern standard presented by OPC Foundation. Currently, the OPC UA protocol is one of the most widely used in industrial environments, due to its ability to interconnect different devices, regardless of their base protocol and vendor.Throughout this article, a technical assessment of the protocol will be conducted, explaining in detail the technical capabilities that allow a high level of cybersecurity to be implemented without causing performance losses in the devices. 

Top 20 ICS mitigations during 2023. Part 2

Posted on 28/12/2023, by
INCIBE (INCIBE)
Top 20 ICS mitigations during 2023. Part 2
Second part of the Top 20 mitigations for industrial environments. This part will focus on mitigations related to network architecture, industrial protocols, network configuration and vulnerability scanning.

Top 20 ICS mitigations during 2023. Part 1

Posted on 21/12/2023, by
INCIBE (INCIBE)
Top 20 ICS mitigations during 2023. Part 1
In the industrial world, there are a large number of systems, equipment, networks, areas, ducts, cloud environments, IT-OT environments, etc. In recent years, the number of attacks on industrial environments has been growing exponentially, and not only on purely industrial environments, but also on corporate environments that are connected to industrial environments. These IT environments being access points for attackers due to this IT/OT connectivity.

Attack trends in the industrial sector during 2023

Posted on 30/11/2023, by
INCIBE (INCIBE)
Attack trends in the industrial sector during 2023
The security gaps and issues that exist within industrial environments are sometimes unknown to many information consumers. This article aims to bring first hand some of the most interesting issues and attack trends in 2023 in the industrial sector. Different industrial cybersecurity incidents so far this year will be described at a high level and a comparison will be made with the trend presented at the beginning of the year.

Open Intelligence in Industry: An Analysis of OSINT

Posted on 16/11/2023, by
INCIBE (INCIBE)
Inteligencia abierta en la industria: un análisis sobre el OSINT
OSINT (Open-Source Intelligence) is a technique that focuses on the collection, evaluation and analysis of public information through different methods and techniques, with the objective of discovering vulnerabilities or collecting sensitive information that could become threats. It should be emphasized that the data collection is not called OSINT, it would be raw information. Once this information is evaluated and treated, it could be said that we are really talking about open-source intelligence (OSINT).Initially it has been used in the military and government sector. Its use in OT, with disciplines such as SIGINT (Signals Intelligence), IMINT (Imagery Intelligence) or even 'Sock Puppets' (fake profiles or intruders in technical forums) is making havoc due to the criticality of this equipment. Disinformation or the compilation of sensitive industrial technical information are some of the serious consequences that this sector is exposed to.

Shadow IT exposed: risks and best practices

Posted on 26/10/2023, by
INCIBE (INCIBE)
Shadow IT exposed: risks and best practices
The presence  of Shadow IT, i.e., the unauthorized or unmanaged use of IT technologies and services by employees, poses challenges and risks of considerable magnitude.The rapid adoption of personal devices and applications, as well as accessibility to cloud services, have increased the complexity of the security landscape. This situation poses a risk that can compromise the confidentiality and integrity of the organization's information. 

SOC OT: The importance of advanced monitoring for industrial cybersecurity

Posted on 28/09/2023, by
INCIBE (INCIBE)
SOC OT: The importance of advanced monitoring for industrial cybersecurity
In recent decades, the need to control processes remotely to improve efficiency, productivity and accelerate decision making on industrial systems has led to the interconnection of operation technologies (OT) with information technologies (IT). This interconnection has given rise to a number of security risks in industrial control systems, and to meet these challenges, specific tools and technologies have been developed and adapted to help ensure cybersecurity in industrial environments. One such tool is the Security Operations Center (SOC).In this article we will focus on the importance of advanced monitoring in a SOC OT. 

Firmware analysis of industrial devices

Posted on 21/09/2023, by
INCIBE (INCIBE)
Firmware analysis of industrial devices
Firmware analysis can help to uncover potential vulnerabilities that would otherwise never have been discovered.Although there are multiple types of attacks on IoT and IIoT devices, this guide focuses on the firmware of these devices to check for potential vulnerabilities, using security testing and reverse engineering to allow for an in-depth analysis of the firmware.